It’s pretty hard to imagine how a whole city can get totally lost over time! Once these cities were inhabited, but due to natural calamities, wars and climate change; these were abandoned many years ago. These lost cities were of great importance and significance at one point of time; and their sense of mysteriousness is the main reason which led to their search by the researchers. Many were discovered years after their destruction. Here is a list of such 6 Indian cities lost and forgotten in the sands of time:
1. Pattakadal, Karnataka
Renowned for its historic monuments and ancient temples; Pattakadal is a World Heritage Site. In this small village; the temples have been built using the Aryan as well as the Dravidian style of architecture. It is also an Abode of Lord Shiva as there are eight temples of Shiva over here.
2. Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu
This ancient city of Tamil Nadu was the capital of the Chola Kings in Tamilakkam. It was also once known as Kaveripattinam. The city got washed away in 500 AD by the powerful storm. The city also served as the major and a great trading center.
3. Kalibangan, Rajasthan
This pre-historic site was discovered by an Italian Indologist, Luigi PioTessitori. The excavation of Kalibangan started in the year 1969. And, Tessitori was the one who had recognized the ruins as pre-historic and pre-Mauryan.
4. Muziris, Kerala
An urban center and the ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast; Muziris was an internationally acclaimed port city from the 1st century BC. The excavation of this city took place from 2004 to 2009. It is believed that the city was destroyed in the 13th century by an earthquake.
5. Lothal, Gujarat
Discovered in the year 1954; Lothal’s excavation took place from 1955 to 1960 by the Archaeological Society of India (ASI). Renowned as one of the world’s earliest docks; it is also known for its realism in art and sculpture.
6. Hampi, Karnataka
Once the capital of the Vijaynagara Empire; Hampi is also recognized as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The empire was plundered by the Deccan Muslim Confederacy in the 16th century. The destruction proved to be a severe one; as even the several attempts for the re-establishment of the empire were gone in vain at that time.
So these are the 6 Indian cities which were lost and forgotten in the sands of time. There may be a possibility that even some more cities are yet to be discovered!