Latest Posts

Chinese Apps Ban Should be Followed By More Bold Steps!

The Indian Government should be lauded for initiating measures to remind the Chinese that the country will no longer be pushovers or silently...

Where are the Preparations and Adequate Health Infrastructure Promised!

The entire nation understands that the express purpose of lockdowns enforced with stringent restrictions was primarily aimed at strengthening the healthcare infrastructure and...

Former Prime Minister Pv Narasimha Rao – Original Architect of Reforms!

The very mention of former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao instantly connects to memories of ushering in reforms leading to liberalization and globalization...

Mental Illness is Real, Neglecting or Ignoring is Not An Option

Of late, mental illness has gained unwarranted attention owing to the combination of factors viz. sudden increase in people committing suicide citing depression,...

Rio Olympic Air: Dirty, Deadly And No Cleaner Legacy From Games

RioRio de Janeiro’s air is dirtier and deadlier than portrayed by authorities and the Olympics’ promised legacy of cleaner winds has not remotely been met, an analysis of government data and Reuters’ own testing found.

Brazil declared in its official bid for the Olympic Games, which open on Friday, that Rio’s air quality was “within the limits recommended by the World Health Organization.”

That was not true when Rio won the right to host the Games in 2009 and it is not true now.

Rio for years has surpassed WHO limits for the most dangerous air pollutant – called particulate matter (PM) – spewed from millions of vehicles clogging the city’s roads.

Thousands die annually in Rio’s metropolitan area of 12 million people because of complications related to the air. People exposed to the pollution have higher risks of lung cancer, heart attacks, strokes, asthma and other diseases.

“This is definitely not ‘Olympic air’,” said Paulo Saldiva, a University of Sao Paulo pathologist and member of the WHO committee that set tougher global pollution standards in 2006.

“A lot of attention has been paid to Rio’s water pollution, but far more people die because of air pollution than the water,” he said. “You are not obligated to drink water from Guanabara Bay but you must breathe Rio’s air.”

RioRio’s contaminated Olympic waterways have drawn attention as the city suffers endemic levels of gastrointestinal diseases from a lack of sewage collection. Reuters recently reported that Rio’s Olympic water venues and favorite beaches also tested positive for drug-resistant “super bacteria.”

But there has been no talk of Rio’s air pollution, three-quarters of which is caused by exhaust fumes from the 2.7 million vehicles on its roads, according to Rio state’s environmental protection agency, Inea.

Its data shows that since 2008, Rio’s air has consistently been two to three times above WHO’s annual limit for PM 10 – so called because the particulate matter has a diameter of 10 microns or less, seven times smaller than that of a human hair.

That means Rio has the dirtiest air of any Olympic host city since scientists began consistently tracking PM 10 in the late 1980s, with the exception of Beijing in 2008.

Tania Braga, head of sustainability and legacy for the Rio Olympics organizing committee, said air quality cannot be judged on PM data alone and other pollutants are at low levels.

Saldiva dismissed that, saying “the health damages associated with PM pollution are the most severe of all pollutants” and, because of that, Rio’s air is of poor quality.

The WHO says on its website that “PM affects more people than any other pollutant,” that outdoor pollution caused 3.7 million premature deaths worldwide in 2012 and that those deaths were due to exposure to PM 10.

The U.N. body did not respond to requests for comment on Rio’s air quality.

Using the WHO’s methodology on estimating mortality, Saldiva calculates some 5,400 people died in Rio because of air pollution in 2014, the most recent year that data is available.

By comparison, Rio’s infamous murder levels resulted in 3,117 deaths last year.

From 2010 to 2014, metropolitan Rio had an annual average PM 10 reading of 52 per cubic meter of air, according to Inea statistics. The WHO’s limit for the annual average is 20.

Jamie Mullins, a professor of resource economics at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, estimates that for every 10 units above the WHO limit on PM 10 levels, track athletes across all events see their performances diminished by 0.2 percent.

Mullins based that calculation on an examination of nearly 656,000 results from U.S. track athletes over eight years, and the air pollution during each.

‘SAD REALITY’

During the Beijing Olympics, the PM 10 level was 82 – well above Rio’s. When London held its Games in 2012, the PM 10 level was 23, government data showed.

The PM level was 44 during the 2004 Olympics in Athens, 24 in Sydney in 2000 and 28 in Atlanta in 1996, said Staci Simonich, a professor at Oregon State University who published a 2009 study on pollution at the Beijing Games.

“Rio’s numbers are all too common for the developing world. That is the sad reality,” said Simonich.

Air quality varies depending on weather – rains temporarily clean PM from the air. But Rio is in its dry season and pollution is at its peak.

Inea denied Reuters’ requests to see monthly data on PM levels for 2015 and this year.

Some experts even question the reliability of Inea’s data – noting that three-quarters of its 64 automatic monitoring stations are run by private companies that pollute, as a condition for them winning environmental licenses.

“The local agency should be fully and independently managing the stations,” said James Lents, an air pollution expert who designed southern California’s anti-smog effort.

Inea did not respond to requests for comment on the private stations.

Saldiva and his top researcher Mariana Veras teamed with Reuters to analyze Inea’s data and carry out independent testing on PM 2.5 – fine particles that pose the most serious health risks.

Inea’s data shows that since 2011, Rio’s PM 2.5 levels surpassed WHO’s annual limits 83 percent of the time.

Reuters conducted 22 separate hour-long tests for PM 2.5 levels: in front of the Olympic Park and the Olympic Village, next to the beach volleyball arena on Copacabana beach and just outside the Olympic stadium where track athletes will compete.

There are no standards for one-hour tests for PM 2.5 – instead the WHO sets a 24-hour average level of 25 and an annual average of 10. But Saldiva and other experts said the results show athletes, fans and Rio residents are exposed to high levels of PM 2.5.

The highest readings were at the Olympic stadium – with a peak of 65 PM 2.5 during a June 30 test taken mid-morning, the same time of day athletes will compete.

The Copacabana site had a 57 reading the same day, while the Olympic Village where athletes will sleep hit a maximum of 32.

Rio’s mayor, Eduardo Paes, has been praised by experts for creating Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) routes and extending a subway line, but Rio’s fleet of vehicles still grows by 100,000 a year.

The mayor’s office told Reuters improvements in public transport would significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

It said the BRTs had already resulted in 750 smaller-capacity buses being removed from roads.

But Saldiva said mass transport must be vastly expanded to significantly impact pollution levels, given the number of cars and trucks on Rio’s roads.

“The idea of an Olympic legacy in terms of diminishing air pollution is Utopian. It is unimaginable that a few BRT routes will substantially change the quality of the air,” he said. “For the Brazilians remaining in Rio after the Olympics have come and gone, there is no clean air legacy.”

Source: Reuters

Image source: Image 1Image 2featured image

144 COMMENTS

  1. I just want to tell you that I’m new to blogs and really enjoyed this page. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You actually come with tremendous posts. With thanks for sharing your website page.

  2. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish only about gossips and internet and this is actually frustrating. A good web site with interesting content, that’s what I need. Thanks for keeping this site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  3. Thanks for sharing your ideas. I would also like to state that video games have been ever before evolving. Modern technology and innovative developments have assisted create reasonable and active games. These kinds of entertainment video games were not as sensible when the actual concept was first being used. Just like other forms of technological know-how, video games also have had to evolve via many years. This itself is testimony towards the fast development of video games.

  4. Sapid Agency is a Search Engine Optimization company in New York City that provides SEO Services. Their proprietary SEO strategies help struggling websites and aspiring business owners to rank their websites higher in multiple search engines like Google , Yahoo and Bing. They provide local and gmb map ranking for businesses in NYC and many other local areas. Find more at https://www.sapidagency.com/ @ 145 E 57TH NEW YORK, NY 10022, USA, +1 971 341 5608 USA

  5. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog. I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own, personal site now 😉

  6. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is an issue that not enough people are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I came across this during my search for something relating to this.

  7. Hello there! This article could not be written any better! Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I will send this information to him. Pretty sure he will have a great read. Thank you for sharing!

  8. I blog frequently and I seriously thank you for your information. Your article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your site and keep checking for new details about once a week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  9. Hi, I do think this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may return once again since I bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  10. After looking into a number of the blog posts on your site, I truly like your way of writing a blog. I added it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my website as well and let me know how you feel.

  11. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am having problems with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I can’t join it. Is there anybody else having the same RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  12. May I just say what a comfort to uncover an individual who truly knows what they’re talking about on the web. You actually know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people ought to read this and understand this side of the story. It’s surprising you are not more popular because you most certainly have the gift.

  13. Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Finding the time and actual effort to make a great article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never manage to get anything done.

  14. One more issue is that video games are typically serious as the name indicated with the main focus on studying rather than enjoyment. Although, there’s an entertainment part to keep your sons or daughters engaged, every single game is normally designed to work towards a specific experience or program, such as numbers or scientific research. Thanks for your publication.

  15. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesn’t disappoint me just as much as this one. After all, I know it was my choice to read through, however I actually thought you would probably have something interesting to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you can fix if you weren’t too busy looking for attention.

  16. Hello, I think your website could possibly be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Besides that, fantastic website!

  17. Hello there! This blog post could not be written much better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I am going to send this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  18. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who has been conducting a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me lunch because I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this issue here on your web page.

  19. Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to create a really good article… but what can I say… I put things off a lot and don’t seem to get anything done.

  20. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be interesting to read through content from other authors and use a little something from other websites.

  21. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was conducting a little research on this. And he actually ordered me breakfast simply because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to talk about this matter here on your website.

  22. I blog quite often and I seriously appreciate your information. The article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to book mark your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed too.

  23. The next time I read a blog, Hopefully it does not fail me just as much as this particular one. After all, I know it was my choice to read, however I genuinely believed you would probably have something interesting to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something you could possibly fix if you were not too busy searching for attention.

  24. I blog often and I genuinely appreciate your content. Your article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to bookmark your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your Feed as well.

  25. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought me lunch due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to discuss this issue here on your blog.

  26. Hi there, I do believe your web site could be having browser compatibility issues. Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, wonderful site!

  27. When I originally commented I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I recieve 4 emails with the same comment. Is there an easy method you can remove me from that service? Appreciate it.

  28. Howdy, There’s no doubt that your website could possibly be having internet browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Other than that, excellent blog.

  29. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it won’t disappoint me as much as this particular one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, nonetheless I truly thought you’d have something interesting to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something you could possibly fix if you were not too busy looking for attention.

  30. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after going through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Regardless, I’m definitely delighted I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  31. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this site. I really hope to see the same high-grade content from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal website now 😉

  32. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

  33. I truly love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my own personal website and want to find out where you got this from or what the theme is called. Many thanks.

  34. Can I just say what a relief to uncover an individual who truly understands what they are talking about online. You certainly understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people have to read this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised that you aren’t more popular given that you surely possess the gift.

  35. I seriously love your website.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you build this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m trying to create my very own website and want to learn where you got this from or just what the theme is named. Appreciate it.

  36. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you so much, However I am encountering issues with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I cannot join it. Is there anyone else getting identical RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  37. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It’s always useful to read through content from other writers and use a little something from other web sites.

  38. After checking out a few of the blog posts on your web page, I truly like your technique of writing a blog. I bookmarked it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Please visit my web site as well and let me know your opinion.

  39. After I originally commented I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the same comment. There has to be a way you can remove me from that service? Thank you.

  40. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon every day. It will always be useful to read through articles from other authors and use something from their web sites.

  41. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who was conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast simply because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this topic here on your blog.

  42. I absolutely love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own blog and would love to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Thanks.

  43. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this site. I’m hoping to see the same high-grade blog posts by you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my very own site now 😉

  44. Sapid Agency is a Search Engine Optimization company in New York City that provides SEO Services. Their proprietary SEO strategies help struggling websites and aspiring business owners to rank their websites higher in multiple search engines like Google , Yahoo and Bing. They provide local and gmb map ranking for businesses in NYC and many other local areas. Find more at https://www.sapidagency.com/ @ 145 E 57TH NEW YORK, NY 10022, USA, +1 971 341 5608 USA

  45. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick in NYC at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888.

  46. Can I simply just say what a relief to find somebody that actually knows what they’re discussing online. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people ought to look at this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised that you’re not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

  47. May I simply say what a comfort to discover somebody who truly understands what they are talking about on the web. You certainly realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people really need to look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised that you are not more popular given that you most certainly have the gift.

  48. I merely need to notify you that I am new to blogging and very much valued your website. Most likely I am most likely to bookmark your blog post . You seriously have stunning article material. Be Thankful For it for giving out with us your favorite url post

  49. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after looking at some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back often!

  50. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you ought to publish more on this issue, it may not be a taboo matter but typically people do not talk about these issues. To the next! Cheers!

  51. I’m pretty pleased to find this web site. I need to to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely savored every little bit of it and I have you book marked to see new stuff on your website.

  52. Hi there! I simply would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great information you’ve got right here on this post. I will be returning to your web site for more soon.

  53. I blog frequently and I genuinely appreciate your content. Your article has really peaked my interest. I am going to bookmark your blog and keep checking for new details about once per week. I opted in for your RSS feed as well.

  54. I really intend to show you that I am new to blog posting and undeniably cherished your work. Likely I am going to save your blog post . You simply have impressive article content. Delight In it for giving out with us your url write-up

  55. Your style is unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this web site.

  56. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author for your blog. You have some really great articles and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please shoot me an email if interested. Regards!|

  57. Знаете ли вы?
    Возможно, что американцы уже в 1872 году вмешались в канадские выборы.
    Один из старейших музеев Амстердама находится в церкви на чердаке.
    Иногда для поддержки экономики деньги «разбрасывают с вертолёта».
    Ливийский диктатор пытался спасти от казни премьер-министра Пакистана.
    Сооснователь и глава Социал-демократической партии Великобритании стал бароном.

    arbeca

  58. Normally I don’t learn post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, quite great post.|

  59. I just want to say I am just new to blogging and site-building and definitely savored your page. Probably I’m going to bookmark your site . You actually have awesome posts. Thank you for sharing your website page.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Posts

Chinese Apps Ban Should be Followed By More Bold Steps!

The Indian Government should be lauded for initiating measures to remind the Chinese that the country will no longer be pushovers or silently...

Where are the Preparations and Adequate Health Infrastructure Promised!

The entire nation understands that the express purpose of lockdowns enforced with stringent restrictions was primarily aimed at strengthening the healthcare infrastructure and...

Former Prime Minister Pv Narasimha Rao – Original Architect of Reforms!

The very mention of former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao instantly connects to memories of ushering in reforms leading to liberalization and globalization...

Mental Illness is Real, Neglecting or Ignoring is Not An Option

Of late, mental illness has gained unwarranted attention owing to the combination of factors viz. sudden increase in people committing suicide citing depression,...

Don't Miss

Iconic and Path Breaking Movies of Dr. Rajkumar – Part Iv

Dr. Rajkumar progressed into becoming the thespian and assumed greatness riding on sheer volume of one blockbuster hit after another literally setting the Kannada...

Cut Personal Tax to Increase Consumption Demand!

No sooner the lockdown was announced way back in March, the Union Government was quickly off the block in announcing comprehensive stimulus packages...

Iconic and Path Breaking Movies of Dr. Rajkumar – Part V

Beauty of the longevity that Dr. Rajkumar enjoyed over a period of four decades primarily mirrors those performances that were not only superbly crafted...

Year 2020 has Been Anything But Positive Except Loathsome Covid-19 Positive

We as social beings always expect each new year does usher in welcome tidings, fervently wishing that such information(s) will not only continue...

Iconic and Path Breaking Movies of Dr. Rajkumar – Part II

As elaborated in the previous part, categorizing or bracketing with a bird’s eye views of Dr. Rajkumar’s monumental works amounts to gross injustice but...

Stay in touch

To be updated with all the latest news, offers and special announcements.