A castle shows us the reflection of how the ruling class lived before the arrival of the mega-yacht and the private jets. Castles are very significant, both as the homes of rulers and their courts. They also serve as the sites of great battles and sieges. Castles are a proof of the insecurity of the world of our ancestors. As security improved; palaces came into being. In this article we will know about the top 10 castles and palaces in the world.
1. Forbidden City
It is entirely a mysterious city of well decorated temple-risqué buildings, narrow high walled alley, pathways leading on to courtyards with single story and the west and east palace compounds are as interesting as the photographed main gates and temples. These were the living quarters of the concubines and the royal family where a lot of the intrigue took place as well as important business running the country.
2. Chateau De Versailles
This is very famous for its fountains and gardens, its magnificent Hall of mirrors and most importantly for the man who built it (and eventually did for the French Monarchy) – the Sun King Louis XIV. It was the principal residence of the French kings from 1682, when it was finished in grand baroque style until the French revolution in 1789.
It is located in Segovia, it is perched on top of a rock looking out over the Clamores and Eresma Rivers. The earliest records of the castle go back to the 12th century, though the Romans may have hit upon a similar idea to Alfonso VIII and used the high outpost as a military base. The castle was used as a state prison before it became home to Royal School Artillery in 1762.
This is the world’s most carefully kept the Muslim palace. It was originally built as a fortress in red stone, only parts of the original Alhambra remain; much of it was redone in the new ‘Pleasure Palace’. The surrounding wall looks fairly weak and is more to offer the harem girls nice views rather than to defend the Kings of Granada. It is said to be one of the greatest examples of Islamic architecture.
5. Summer Palace
It is like a big museum of traditional Chinese art because three thousand structures make up the Summer Palace. It is a huge, two-storey boat made of carved marble and is understandably one of the main attractions. The other attraction is the Long Corridor, which is a richly covered decorated walkway running 730 m and incorporating over 14,000 individual paintings depicting great architecture, myths and heroes.
6. Schloss Neuschwanstein
It is not a thousand-year-old castle built for defense like most other castles, but a dream castle of a Bavarian king in the 19th century. A castle keep was to be built in the main courtyard that would have towered above the existing structures in a true fairly-tale style. King Ludwig II, began to build this castle in the sky in 1869 but the construction of the castle was never completed. Only 14 rooms inside the castle were completed.
7. Schloss Schonbrunn
One of the best known attractions in Vienna is Schloss Schonbrunn, despite its popularity and numerous tourists, the visitors are still delivered an excellent insight of the imperial life during the baroque era in Vienna. It has been the imperial seat and home of generations of Habsburgs since 1569. Exquisite art and objects litter the various wings.
8. Prague Castle
Prague is Europe’s largest medieval castle with a progression of regimes and invades adding their own appendages creating a rich complex of churches, cathedrals, palaces in the shadow of the main fortress walls.
9. Tower of London
The white tower constructed around 1078 is the largest and the oldest part of the castle. An outer curtain wall encircled the tower in 1270, by 1300 a second curtain wall encircled the first giving the tower additional protection. Many notable people from England’s history have been imprisoned in the tower, including Sir Walter Raleigh, King Henry IV, Rudolph Hess and Guy Fawkes.
10. Chateau De Chillon
It is built on the edge of the lake, on the island, the walls are heavily fortified on all sides. The counts of savoy who were Italian knights lived here and had kept watch overt this important European Trade and travel route. It became famous during the 19th century for the romantic literature, it had inspired by the likes of Byron, Shelly and Alexandre Dumas.