Today many people in India are more concerned in attaching themselves with a lower caste. Recently, in Haryana, people belonging to a certain caste burnt buses, sabotaged government and private property, unraveled railway lines and do whatever they could do in order to show their anger against the supreme court order. The court order stated that the people belong to this particular caste would not be privileged under the OBC category benefit.
The sabotage was supported by so many political parties. This violent act is just an instance that these activities are not only supported by the political class but also justified. The relationship between Reservation and politics is very deep since independence. The political class of India wants vote and reservation brings vote for them. We draft 10 facts that support the political nexus with reservation.
After independence, it was presumed that within a certain period of time the goal of uplifting the backward class (of society) will be achieved. But the political class of India never wanted to do so. They could not control the genie of reservation and started politics over a serious issue.
2. The appeasement politics
Appeasement of the certain cast for the electoral benefit. For instance, recent Jat stir, Gurjjr agitation, and vote polarization in many states.
3. The Temptation
An MLA or an MP, who wants to tempt the people of his/her constituency and pretends to be a well wisher of a certain majority, plays the card of reservation. Give reservation, divide people, and get votes, simple.
4. The Ideology
The reservation’s ideology, ostensibly, in the mind of Indian politicians has been changed. The reservation is a benefit that was provided to save the backward castes from the exploitation and humiliation. But the politicians consider reservation as to lift the quota in jobs, and institutions and eventually to get votes.
5. The Constitution
Several constitution articles (article no. 14, 15, 16, and 46) guarantee the equal rights without any discrimination. However, India’s reservation system, along with politicians contradicts its own constitution’s promise of equal rights.
6. The Political Interest
Politicians, being a part of government, show virtually no interest to bring the most backward caste to the main frame of the society. In-spite of providing basic infrastructure for education, and livelihood to afflicted people, our politicians organize gatherings, and muster people in support of reservation.
7. The Education and the Reservation
The first and foremost requirement for India is to educate its backward people -the current efforts at which are lacking. Reservation benefits those who are above 18 years and hence can vote. That is the sole reason why we are more focused towards reservation and not on education.
8. The Economic basis
The basis of reservation cannot be caste, or gender but merely the economic. Our politicians know this fact very well. But, then how economically poor groups of different castes can be a big vote bank for politicians- No. This notion embroils them, hence they refrain from the fact.
Experience since independence has shown that the advantage of the reservation is confined to some small groups of those already privileged. But those small groups represent to certain castes, or community that have rooted strongly in the political arena. Apparently, politicians do not want to make them un-happy.
10. The Politics in Reservation
Reservation in India epitomizes a perfect place to settle the political scores. Opposition favors any agitation against the ruling party and supports reservation. For instance, current Jat agitation, and erstwhile Gujjar agitation.
We are not against reservation afterall it is a tool to uplift the afflicted class. But, the basis of reservation needs to be examined. It should be merely economic. We see many people belong to backward class who are rich and powerful, hence no need of reservation. Likewise, many upper caste people are poor and needy. Moreover, the politics should be abolished in the name of appeasement.