Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth and its beauty is furious as well as stunning. Its peculiar beauty may haunt you for the rest of the year of your lives after your first visit. One visit over there, crossing the Southern Ocean, is an experience of a lifetime with no landmass except ice. Here, are some of the interesting facts about Antarctica:
You cannot work in Antarctica with your wisdom teeth and appendix being removed. Even if you are healthy, you still have it removed before you visit this place as surgeries are not done in Antarctica.
The coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth is -89.2 Deg. Celsius (-128.56 Deg. Fahrenheit). It was registered on July 21, 1983, at the Russian Vostok Station in Antarctica. The mean summer temperature on the East Antarctica icecap is -30 Deg. Celsius (-22 Deg. Fahrenheit) and mean winter temperature around -60 Deg. Celsius (-76 Deg. Fahrenheit).
Roald Amundsen, Norwegian Explorer, was the first man to reach the South Pole. He left the English Explorer, Robert Falcon Scott behind and arrived in the continent on December 14, 1911 and planted the flag of his nation.
The continent experiences regular Katabatic (Downhill) winds, reaching 300 km per hour (185 miles/hour) that blow out of the continental interior.
Only 0.4% of Antarctica is not covered by ice. The Antarctica icecap has 29 million cubic kilometers of ice. This is almost 90% of all the ice on the planet and between 60-70% of all world fresh water.
Antarctica has a peculiar group of fish called the ice fish. Ice fish have no red pigment, hemoglobin, in their blood to carry oxygen around. The temperature is so low and cold there that it is not very difficult for the ice fish to survive as oxygen gets dissolved in the cold environment. They have a clear blood running in their in them and this gives them Ghostly White Color, particularly their gills.
The biggest icebergs ever broke free from the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica in 2000. It was 295 km (183 miles) long and 37 km (23 miles) wide with s surface area of 11,000 sq. km (4,250 sq. miles) above water and 10 times bigger below water too.